How do I handle MUD in the paddocks and around the farm?
Mud is a major pain in the rear....it's slippery, can cause skin issues like scratches, it's hard to remove from our horse's coats and blankets, and can cause serious erosion to our land.
You have lots of options to help alleviate mud, some expensive, and some not so much. One of the easiest and most cost effective solutions is to use pea gravel in the areas that typically have a dirt covering (like pathways and grass paddock corners and by the gates). You should also put the gravel into any areas that water collects and mud is created. Water is evenly distributed as it flows, and the gravel works as a drain.
This outdoor wash rack area is easily drained by gravel.
Pea gravel is great in courtyards, down paths, and in low areas of paddocks and turnouts that collect water and mud. It helps your parking areas stay mud free also, your car's floor mats will thank you. Pea gravel is fine for shod horses and most horses that are barefoot. You do need to be diligent about picking hooves (but since Grooms typically pick hooves a zillion times a day, you are likely good to go here.).
Another great option for turnouts and paddocks is to use grass. Some farms can't maintain grass year round in paddocks and turnouts, but as your rainy season starts, closing the paddocks for a few weeks to let some grass seed grow will please your ponies and help alleviate the mud. Check your local ag extentsion service for the best grasses. You can also read this article on pasture maintanence which also has some ideas for creating pastures.
While grass helps with drainage, mud can still happen with lots of rain and lots of hooves.
You can also go "high tech" and install french drains. These drains are buried in low lying areas and have perforations so that water soaking in hits the tubing and is shuttled out of the area. This relies on gravity, and is fairly labor intensive to install. You can also use buried PVC pipes connected to drain openings, which collect the surface water that flows to them and shuttles them away, also using gravity. Install drains outside of paddocks where no horse can step on them.
If you do end up with muddy puddles, rope them off if you can.
You can also create a low lying "pond" in which rain water drains, and pump it out using a sump pump. This requires you to have space outside of the reach of horses to collect the water. Then you need power to run the sump pump, and them you need a space to run the pumped water to. These systems are super if you have terrain that won't allow for a gravity fed system.
You can also create trenches for water to flow, I just advise that you run them under or outside of fences that contain horses. This allows you to have greater control over where the water goes. You can also use that earth that you dug up to create a little wall to keep some water out.
This little tractor is digging some trenches and building some "walls" to keep heavy rains from flooding the stalls at this showgrounds.
For smaller areas, like the runs outside of barn stalls or pipe corrals, you can typically get great help in preventing mud by using a variety of wood products to create "outdoor bedding". I particularly like any cedar that has been shredded. Wood pellets that expand when wet can also be great. For a 24 x 24 area, I have had great luck with using about 10 to 15 bags. You will have to play around with what works for you.
How do you combat mud??